Jean Kimmel

Jean Kimmel

Dr. Jean Kimmel


Ph.D., University of North Carolina 1990
Prior to joining the WMU Department of Economics faculty in August 2001, Kimmel was Senior Economist, W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research (October 1989 to 1997: Economist).

5430 Friedmann Hall

(269) 387-5541

Areas of Interest

Labor Economics, female employment, child care, time use, moonlighting, motherhood wage gap, wage determination, computer access


Professor Kimmel regularly teaches Women and the Economy, a course that relies on microeconomics to study marriage, fertility and employment decisions. Other courses taught by Kimmel at Western Michigan University include WMU's First Year Seminar (Fall 2005, 2007-10); Economic Issues; Labor Economics; Intermediate Microeconomic Theory, Economics for Elementary Education and Graduate Labor Economics I. 


Professor Kimmel's research agenda includes three areas of focus. Kimmel and Professor Connelly of Bowdoin College utilize recently available data from the American Time Use Survey to study parental time choices. Their forthcoming book to be published by the W.E. Upjohn Institute summarizes much of this research. Kimmel's second research focus involves work conducted with Professor Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes of SDSU on the topic of the motherhood wage gap. A third area of research investigates the gender and racial divide in computer access as well as the factors contributing to computer time choices. This research is joint with recent WMU graduate Professor Tadesse Wodajo of St. Louis Community College. Professor Kimmel is also involved in a study with Professor Blen Solomon of Defiance College (another recent WMU graduate) of the relationship between fertility and labor supply.

Special Honors

2005-08 Named Research Fellow, The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA; Germany)

Co-Recipient (with Rachel Connelly) of a $64,616 research grant from the W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research (2005-07); to write book titled: The Role of Caregiving in Mothers’ Time Use: Recent Evidence from the New American Time Use Survey.

Co-recipient (with Rachel Connelly) of the Georgescu-Roegen Prize for best article published in the Southern Economic Journal in Vol. 69 (2002-2003).

Recipient of NSAF’s $20,000 Small Research Grant (Urban Institute); 2003.
Co-recipient (with Rachel Connelly) of a Small Grant from Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research, 1998-1999.

Midwestern Representative and Board Member, Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession, subcommittee of the American Economic Association, 1999-2002.

Selected Publications

Connelly, Rachel and Jean Kimmel. Forthcoming. The Time Use of Mothers in the United States at the Beginning of the 21st Century, Kalamazoo: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

Connelly, Rachel and Jean Kimmel. 2009. "Spousal Influences on Parents' Non-market Time Choices," Review of the Economics of the Household Vol. 7, No. 4 (December), pp. 361-394.

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes and Jean Kimmel. 2009. "Moonlighting Behavior Over the Business Cycle," Economic Inquiry Vol. 47, No. 4 (October), pp. 754-65.

Kevin Hollenbeck and Jean Kimmel. 2008. "Differences in the Returns to Education for Males by Disability Status and Age of Disability Onset," Southern Economic Journal Vol. 74, No. 3 (January), pp. 707-24.

Jean Kimmel, 2008. How Do We Spend Our Time? Recent Evidence from the American Time Survey, edited by Jean Kimmel; Kalamazoo: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 187 pgs.

Jean Kimmel and Rachel Connelly. 2007. "Determinants of Mothers' Time Choices in the United States: Caregiving, Leisure, Home Production, and Paid Work," Journal of Human Resources Vol. 42, No. 3 (Summer), pp. 643-681.

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes and Jean Kimmel. 2005. "The Motherhood Wage Gap: The Role of Education and Fertility," Review of Economics of the Household, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 17-48; Guest Editor: Siv Gustafsson.

Rachel Connelly and Jean Kimmel. 2003. "The Effect of Child Care Costs on the Labor Force Participation and Welfare Recipiency of Single Mothers: Implications for Welfare Reform," Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 69, No. 3 (January), pp. 498-519.

Jean Kimmel. 2003. "The Child Care Problem for Low Income Working Families." Invited chapter in Economics of Gender and the Family (edited by Karine S. Moe); Blackwell.

Jean Kimmel and Karen Smith Conway. 2002. Invited Commentary on "The Moonlighter," Harvard Business Review, November.

Jean Kimmel and Lisa M. Powell. 1999. "Moonlighting Trends and Related Policy Issues in Canada and the United States," Canadian Public Policy, Volume 25, No. 2, pp. 207-231.

Jean Kimmel and Thomas J. Kniesner. 1998. "New Evidence on Labor Supply: Employment versus Hours Elasticities by Sex and Marital Status," Journal of Monetary Economics, Volume 42, No. 2 (October), pp. 289-301; earlier draft circulated as Upjohn Institute Working Paper # 93-19.

Karen Conway and Jean Kimmel. 1998. "Male Labor Supply Estimates and the Decision to Moonlight," Labour Economics, Volume 5, No. 2 (June), pp. 135-166; earlier draft circulated as Upjohn Institute Working Paper #92-09.

Jean Kimmel. 1998. "Child Care Costs as a Barrier to Employment for Single and Married Mothers," Review of Economics and Statistics, Volume 80, No. 2 (May), pp. 287-299; earlier draft circulated as Upjohn Institute Working Paper #92-14.

Jean Kimmel. 1995. "The Effectiveness of Child Care Subsidies in Encouraging the Welfare to Work Transition of Low-Income Single Mothers," American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings), Vol. 85, No. 2 (May), pp. 271-275.  


Department of Economics
5307 Friedmann Hall
Western Michigan University
Kalamazoo MI 49008 USA
(269) 387-5535 | (269) 387-5637 Fax