The selection of Carnegie peers is based on the 2010 Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. The 2010 classification system has multiple parallel classifications to provide greater flexibility in selecting peers. For WMU peers, a series of refining selections is done using both the basic framework and the "elective" classifications in the new Carnegie system. The following criteria were selected to yield ten Carnegie peer institutions:
Based on the previously described selection system, the following 10 institutions most resemble WMU.