OT 4720: Occupational Analysis and Adaptation

Course description

This course provides students with experience in activity analysis and adaptation. Breaking down activities into subtasks for individuals with disabilities and creating or providing adaptations or accommodations is a primary role of the occupational therapist. In addition, this course introduces students to basic technology related to adaptation for mobility, communication, splinting, home evaluation and adaptation, leisure and vocation. 

Relationship to curriculum design

This course allows the student to apply and integrate all previous knowledge in the curriculum with content and learning experiences that identify how the environment and tools within can assist with human adaptation through purposeful activity. Further integration will occur during this third semester through concurrent courses related to activities of daily living and assistive technology. Students will be evaluated in the problem solving competency as follows: The competent occupational therapy graduate recognizes problems in practice, analyzes problems from various perspectives and takes appropriate steps to address problems. The graduate integrates this ability with other abilities such as critical-thinking, creativity, adaptability, and innovation to address practice problems through a rational decision-making process.

Learning outcomes

  1. The learner will analyze activities across the lifespan using a variety of methods.
  2. The learner will understand and be able to articulate principles of and be able to design, fabricate, apply, fit, and train in assistive technologies and devices used to enhance occupational performance. ACOTE Standard B.5.9.
  3. The learner will provide design, fabrication, application, fitting, and training in orthotic devices used to enhance occupational performance. ACOTE Standard B.5.10.
  4. The learner will understand the use and principles of wheelchair modification. ACOTE Standard B.5.8.
  5. The learner will understand the principles necessary to modify environments (e.g., home, work, school, community) and adapt processes, including the application of ergonomic principles. ACOTE Standard B.5.8.
  6. The learner will understand and use the principles of prosthetic devices. ACOTE Standard B.5.10.
  7. The learner will understand the team approach to recommendation and procurement of durable medical equipment. ACOTE Standard B.5.8.
  8. The learner will understand and use sound judgment in regard to the safety of self and others throughout the occupational therapy process while demonstrating the principles of body mechanics, body positioning, transfer techniques, and use of alternative lifting techniques and equipment, and address issues related to driver rehabilitation. ACOTE Standards B.2.8. B.5.11.
  9. The learner will have clinical and community experiences which will allow for development of observation and documentation skills.
  10. The learner will understand how to foster prevention, health maintenance, and safety programs that are age-appropriate for daily living activities, work, and play/leisure. ACOTE Standard 5.2
  11. Provide management of feeding and eating to enable performance and to understand the importance of training others in precautions and techniques while considering client and contextual factors. ACOTE Standard B.5.12.
  12. Develop and promote the use of appropriate home and community programming to support performance in the client's natural environment and participation in all contexts relevant to the client. ACOTE Standard B.5.15.
  13. Plan for discharge, in consideration of the client, by reviewing the needs of the client, caregiver, family, and significant others; resources; and discharge environment. ACOTE Standard B.5.25.