Bronco Battalion history
Western Michigan University's ROTC program celebrated its 50th anniversary in fall 2000. In 1948, Dr. Paul Sangren, president of the Western Michigan College of Education, and Representative Paul W. Shafer, from Michigan, started negotiations to have an ROTC unit established. The request was honored, and the Bronco Battalion was established on May 3, 1950. The first ROTC classes began in fall 1950 with more than 500 students enrolled.
The first professor of military science was Colonel Curtis L. Varner, Quartermaster. The Military Science Department was placed under the School of Applied Arts and Sciences, then part of the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences. It is now a department of the Haworth College of Business.
The ROTC program started as a quartermaster unit, and all graduates were commissioned as Quartermaster officers. By 1954-55, the program had more than 800 students and was converted from a Quartermaster to a general military science program that could produce officers for all branches.
In 1952-53, Western's policy was that all male students must be enrolled in either general physical education or ROTC. Students who completed two years of ROTC were exempt from physical education requirements for graduation. Qualifications were stiff and stated that students must be no less than 14 years old.
By 1956, selection for the program was competitive with advanced courses selected by the PMS and the president of the college. Advanced course students were paid $27 per month and given a draft deferment. In 1957, the Battalion moved into Oakland Gym. In 2001 they moved to their current location on East Campus.
In 1965-66 there were major changes; flight training was offered during the advanced course; basic camp was created for students who had not participated during their first two years; subsistence allowance rose to $40; three-, two- and one-year scholarships were available to qualified cadets. Subsistence rose to $50 in 1968. In 1971, four-year scholarships were available. In 1972, the allowance rose to $100 and again in 1995 to $150. In Oct 1999, it rose to $200. It changed again in 2001, they are now by levels.
During the height of the Vietnam War and the civil unrest it induced in this country, the ROTC building was burned. In the early morning hours of May 5, 1969, arsonists broke into ROTC offices in Oakland Gym and set three separate fires. The fires were discovered early and extinguished, causing only minor damage; the greatest loss being lesson plans.
In 1973-74, the program underwent major changes. The university no longer exempted ROTC students from physical education; they created a military fitness class instead. The draft ended and women were admitted into the program. In the midst of these changes, enrollment dropped to an all time low of 50. In January 1974, Cadet Cynthia Gonyea became the first female cadet commander of an ROTC unit in the United States.
During the late 70s and early 80s, the program increased enrollment topping out at 221. A new definition of enrollment for MS I's and II's saw enrollment fall back below 100 in 1983. In the mid-80s WMU began offering $1,000 per year scholarship incentive to ROTC scholarship winners and began to attract ROTC scholarship winners. In 1995, WMU authorized a $2,600 annual room-and-board incentive scholarship for four-year ROTC scholarship winners and in October 1999 introduced an even more robust incentive program. In 2008, with dwindling state funding, the University was forced to modify their incentives for ROTC scholarship recipients, but it still remains a significant contribution to reducing student costs.
To make way for the Seelye Center, Army ROTC moved out of Oakland Gym in 2001 to its present home in the Activity Therapy Building on the Oakland Campus near the Kalamazoo Psychiatric Hospital and the College of Health and Human Services.
Since its inception, ROTC has commissioned countless qualified and motivated graduates as second lieutenants in the United States Army. These officers have served and are presently serving proudly in a wide variety of responsible positions on active duty in the United States Army or in the Army Reserve and National Guard. The ROTC success story can be seen in these soldier citizens and citizen soldiers who serve their country proudly.