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Abstracts from Volume 33, Number 4
(December, 2006)


The Perils of Self-Censorship
Robert D. Leighninger, Jr.

International Social Work, Globalization and the Chalenge of a Unipolar World
James Midgley

Marcia B. Cohen
Co-editor, Journal of Progressive Human Services

Richard Hoefer
Editor, Journal of Policy Practice

Tony Tripodi
Former Editor of Social Work Research
Former Co-editor of Journal of Social Work
Research and Evaluation

Stanley L. Witkin
Former Editor-in-Chief, Social Work

Elizabeth J. Clark
Executive Director, National Association of
Social Workers (NASW)

Nineteenth Century Review of Mental Health Care for African Americans: A Legacy of Service and Policy Barriers
Tony B. Lowe
The need to focus on service and policy barriers to mental health service delivery for African Americans remains critical. The purpose of this article is to review nineteenth century care as a method for understanding contemporary service and policy barriers. A case study strategy is used to compare the efforts of Pennsylvania and South Carolina using primary and secondary sources to document these developments through a political economy perspective. These findings suggest that the prevailing social, political and economic realities have created mental health disparities along
racial lines. Existing barriers are likely rooted in this same reality.

“Seen and Not Heard” Sociological Approaches to Childhood:
Black Children, Agency and Implications for Child Welfare

Mekada Graham and Emily Bruce
In this article, the authors consider the socio-historical conceptions of childhood in relation to Black children and their unique relationship with child welfare institutions. Against this background we apply models of childhood to issues of race and social agency and argue that these elements have been inadequately addressed in developmental models of childhood. Following these concerns, we present a social model of childhood and consider how these distinct and different ways of understanding children might be applied to child welfare practice. This child centered approach presents a unique opportunity to incorporate the differential positioning of Black children in the wider society by engaging with their everyday lives as a
framework for child welfare practice. This framework allows for a greater participation of children and specifically, Black children in decision making processes. In the final section we suggest possible outcomes of integrating this approach into child welfare practice.

Ethiopian Language Policy and Health Promotion in Oromia
Begna Fufa Dugassa
In the time of HIV/AIDS, epidemics for which we have no vaccination or cure, public health is bound entirely to depend on the traditional health education strategies to stop or contain this disease. This reality demands that we travel extra miles and thoroughly employ every health promotion tool at our disposal. The Ottawa Charter for health promotion stressed the need for public policy to create supportive social conditions for health. This necessitates a commitment to enduring social conditions for health and raises topics that have been neglected by the traditional public health
scholars. A close examination of the colonial language policy of Ethiopia reveals that language is not value free and is intermingled with power and has significant public health impacts. In this paper, I critically examine Ethiopian language policy within the framework of health promotion and demonstrate the ways in which such policy creates a barrier for the Oromo people in making life choices. Additionally it hinders them from ensuring the conditions in which they can be healthy. This paper addresses a gap in the research literature on the impacts of colonial language policies on health promotion.

Health Care Poverty
Lisa Raiz
This paper introduces and describes health care poverty. Underinsurance and its consequences for access to health care are highlighted. Definitions of underinsurance and its prevalence are presented. Groups that experience disproportionate barriers
to obtaining medical care are identified. Manifestations of underinsurance are explicated and their relationship to receipt of medical care, such as vaccinations and medications is discussed. A reframing of the health care debate is suggested with
emphasis moving from uninsurance to access to health care.

Foster Parents' Reasons for Fostering and Foster Home Utilization
Kathryn Rhodes, Mary Ellen Cox, John G. Orme, and
Tanya Coakley
Better utilization of foster families might be linked to parents’ reasons for fostering. This study used data from the National Survey of Current and Former Foster Parents to examine relationships between reasons for fostering and types of services and
length of service foster parents provide. Top reasons for fostering were child-centered. The least endorsed reasons were self-oriented. Those who fostered to help children with special problems were more likely to have a child placed, had more children, and had fostered more types of special needs children. Parents who
fostered because their children were grown were more likely to have a child placed, had more children, and were more likely to intend to continue fostering. Conversely, parents who wanted to be loved or who wanted companionship fostered fewer children. Implications for improving foster family utilization are discussed.

Economic Mobility of Single Mothers:
The Role of Assets and Human Capital Development

Min Zhan
This study examines the economic mobility of single mothers. It highlights the Relationships between single mothers’ financial assets and human capital Development (educational advancement, job training, and work hours) with their economic mobility. Analysis of data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79) indicates that assets may help improve upward economic mobility. Assets, however, have differential impact on single mothers with different income levels. In addition, human capital development mediates the positive link between assets and
the economic mobility for mothers living between the 100% and 200% federal poverty. These results support asset building as an investment strategy to enhance the long-term economic wellbeing of single mothers. The findings also underscore the importance of examining within-group variations among single mothers in designing effective asset-building policies and programs.

Fairness Issues in Law and Mental Health:
Directions for Future Social Work Research

José B. Ashford and Jane Holschuh
Concepts from the procedural justice literature in social psychology are examined that offer useful guidance for social work researchers with interests in investigating informal adjudications, speciality treatment courts, and other areas of the administrative process previously neglected in mental health services research. These
theoretical concepts are offered as an alternative to the therapeutic jurisprudence framework being adopted by some social workers in the field of law and mental health. The issues outlined in this paper also draw on the health services and psychotherapy literature to highlight issues involving process and procedure as social
justice and their significance for advancing a new role for social work researchers in the field of law and mental health research.

The Use of Critical Ethnography in Managed Mental Health Care Settings
Cassandra L. Bransford
How social workers in managed mental health care settings exercise their professional authority may have profound consequences for the provision of ethical and value-based services to vulnerable populations. Building upon Gidden’s theory of structuration, this article describes the use of critical ethnography as a specific research methodology that may support social workers in the exercise of their authority. This article examines the historical roots of critical ethnography and provides a detailed examination of its underlying assumptions and research procedures. The article concludes with a case example of a critical ethnography
conducted within a managed mental health care setting.

Social Work Diagnosis in Contemporary Practice.
Francis J. Turner (Ed.).
Reviewed by William A. Maesen.

Beyond Segregation: Multiracial and MultiethnicNeighborhoods in the United States.
Michael T. Maly.
Reviewed by Christopher R. Larrison.

Freud’s Free Clinics: Psychoanalysis and Social Justice, 1918-1938.
Elizabeth Ann Danto.
Reviewed by Leslie Leighninger.

What’s Wrong with Children’s Rights.
Martin Guggenheim.
Reviewed by Dorinda N. Noble.

The Rise and Fall of HMOs: An American Health Care Revolution.
Jan Gregoire Coombs.
Reviewed by Lisa S. Patchner.

Disease and Democracy: The Industrialized World Faces AIDS.
Peter Baldwin.
Reviewed by Ronald J. Mancoske.

Multiracial America: A Resource Guide on the History and Literature of Interracial Issues.
Karen Downing, Darlene Nichols, and Kelly Webster.

Paths to a Green World: The Political Economy of the Global Environment.
Jennifer Clapp and Peter Dauvergne.

The Origins of Social Work.
Malcolm Payne.

Rural Social Work Practice.
Nancy Lohman and Roger A. Lohman.

Advocacy Practice for Social Justice.
Richard Hoefer.

Introduction to Social Welfare and Social Work: The U.S. in Global Perspective.
Katherine Van Wormer



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