LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
James Midgley, Harry and Riva Specht Professor
University of California, Berkeley
Harris Chaiklin, Professor, emeritus, School of Social Work
University of Maryland
Wilma Peebles-Wilkins, Dean Emerita, Boston University,
Former Editor, NASW Children and Schools
Former Editor, Social Work
Editor, Social Development Issues
Howard Karger, Professor, Graduate College of Social Work,
University of Houston
Cheryl A. Hyde, Temple University
Past Editor, Journal of Progressive Human Services
David Stoesz, Professor, Virginia Commonwealth University
Executive Director, policyAmerica
OUTSIDERS-WITHIN: CRITICAL RACE THEORY,
GRADUATE EDUCATION AND BARRIERS TO
This article uses the lens of critical race theory to examine the
experiences of minority students in and outside of the social
work education classroom. Research has not critically analyzed
the structures, policies and practices of graduate education programs
and how they influence the socialization experiences of
students. Qualitative interviews with 15 African American and
Latino students reveal that their experiences are often characterized
by marginalization and conflict. They suggest that certain
aspects of the professionalization process create and support forces
that reproduce stratified social relations. These problematic relations
have a negative impact on minority students, threatening
their persistence and professional development. The perspectives
of minority students in their own voices provide critical
insights into actions graduate programs can take to change
the quality of student life in predominantly White institutions.
SOCIAL THEORY AND ITS RELATION TO SOCIAL PROBLEMS
Richard K. Caputo
This essay examines the relationship between social theory and social
problems, the truth-value of theories, and the importance of theorizing
about the role of the state, i.e., national government, in the
resolution of social problems and the achievement of social justice.
The author argues that much contemporary social theory has lost its
moorings in regard to amelioration of social problems, that Popper’s
criterion of falsification is a requisite for more meaningfully applied
social theory, and that the state should be part of any social theory
meant to address social problems. Moral and political philosophy
is used to provide criteria to justify a positive role for government
to develop and implement policies to achieve a more justice society
than would be the case if market mechanisms were deemed the most
appropriate arbiter of economic and social exchange. The author
concludes with examples of his own theoretically driven and empirically
grounded research on social justice to tie together the elaborated
themes of social theory, falsification, and retaining the state
as an object of theoretical inquiry when addressing social problems.
AMERICAN IDENTITY AND ATTITUDES TOWARD
ENGLISH LANGUAGE POLICY INITIATIVES
Carlos Garcia and Loretta E. Bass
Relatively little is known about what individual-level factors drive
Americans’ attitudes toward offering services to immigrants.
Using national-level data and logistic regressions, we examine
what factors co-vary with whether respondents agree or disagree
with specific policy initiatives regarding support for English language
use for immigrants. We then examine what factors are related
to whether respondents agree that tax money should be used
to fund English classes for immigrant children and adults. We
find that age, race, and general warmth toward undocumented immigrants
predict English-only attitudes, and that marital status,
education, and warmth toward undocumented immigrants predict
attitudes toward the use of public funds to teach English.
CONTROLLING THE LEVERS OF POWER: HOW
ADVOCACY ORGANIZATIONS AFFECT THE
REGULATION WRITING PROCESS
Richard Hoefer and Kristin Ferguson
The Federal regulation-writing process is vital to understanding
how laws are translated into policy. This paper re-examines data
on human services interest groups active in lobbying the executive
branch to determine what factors influence their effectiveness.
Building on findings from Hoefer (2000), structural equation
modeling is used to re-analyze the original regression model of interest
group effectiveness (IGE) on a sample of 127 Washington
D.C.-based interest groups. Results indicate that some of the previous
findings are not supported and an alternative model is proposed.
A group’s position, context and access to information and
policymakers emerge as significant determinants of IGE. Access
also mediates the impact of a group’s strategy and position on
IGE. Implications for practice and future research are provided.
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND HUMAN RIGHTS: LOCAL
CHALLENGES TO A UNIVERSAL FRAMEWORK
Over the past 15-20 years there has been a dramatic increase in
transnational social movements including the movement to eradicate
violence against women. This paper examines the development
of the transnational women’s movement and the prioritizing
of violence against women (VAW) as a universal women’s
agenda using the United Nations (U.N.) human rights conferences
as a focal point. As one form of VAW, domestic violence
(DV) has been placed into the human rights context by many
organizations globally. The implications and possible limitations
of universalizing a framework for DV are explored using salient
examples from various areas of the world. It is suggested that the
framing of DV as a human rights violation is relevant to social
work in light of social work’s role in the critical analysis of framing
of social problems and the emergent movement in the United
States for social work to become more internationally-focused.
UNDERMINING PROGRESS IN EARLY 20TH CENTURY
NORTH CAROLINA: GENERAL ATTITUDES
TOWARDS DELINQUENT AFRICAN AMERICAN
Tanya Smith Brice
This article examines efforts made to challenge progress towards
adequate service provision for delinquent African American
girls in early 20th century North Carolina. This article seeks
to explore the nuances of aid, from the African American community
and by progressive whites, as it relates to legislative efforts,
economic backing and public health issues. It also seeks to
examine motivations for engaging in undermining activities.
SEX PANIC IN THE WELFARE STATE
2006 marked the tenth anniversary of the Personal Responsibility
and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act. The 1996 law was the
culmination of decades of erosion in backing for basic provisions
of the U.S. social safety net. The following reviews the political
campaign that undermined the foundation for this vital component
of the New Deal/Great Society income supports. A series of panics
diminished approval for the welfare state, leading to the 1996“reform.” Panic discourse increasingly accompanies policy debate.
Examples of anti-welfare, anti-outsider panic discourses are explored.
Culture, Capitalism and Democracy in the New America.
Richard Harvey Brown.
Reviewed by Shanti S. Khinduka.
The Logic of Social Research.
Arthur L. Stinchcombe.
Reviewed by Marvin D. Feit.
Quixote’s Ghost: The Right, the Liberati and the Future of
Reviewed by Stephen Pimpare.
Work and the Workplace: A Resource for Innovative Policy
Sheila H. Akabas and Paul A. Kurzman.
Reviewed by Michalle Mor Barak.
Tending the Gardens of Citizenship: Child Saving in Toronto
Reviewed by John M. Herrick.
Managing Diversity: Towards a Globally Inclusive Workplace.
Michalle Mor Barak.
Reviewed by Susan J. Lambert.
Good Parents or Good Workers: How Policy Shapes Families’
Jill Duerr Berrick and Bruce Fuller (Eds.).
Backlash Against Welfare Mothers Past and Present.
Thriving in the Wake of Trauma: A Multicultural Guide.
The Immigrant Threat.
The Experience of Retirement.
Robert S. Weiss.
Widening the Circle: The Practice and Evaluation of Family
Group Conferencing with Children, Youths, and their Families.
Joon Pennell and Gary Anderson (Eds.).
Call for Papers:
Recent or Contemporary History of Socia