The following sanctions may be imposed upon any student found to be responsible for violation of the Student Code. Sanctions may be used independently or in combination depending on the particular circumstance of the violation. More than one of the sanctions may be imposed for any single violation; chronic and/or multiple violations shall increase the severity of sanctions applied. Sanctions are listed in order of severity from least severe to most severe.

Sanction determination shall be based on the severity of the current conduct violation, and/or previous conduct violations (if any), and/or the current conduct status of the student found responsible, and/or the threat to the health, safety or property of any person, and/or any other reasonable factor. Sanctions shall be determined as a discrete and separate part of the hearing process and only after a finding of responsibility has been reached.

Where there is reason to believe that a student has intentionally selected a person or persons to victimize or selected property to damage, or violated other provisions of the Student Code because of the personal characteristics or status of a person or group of persons or personal characteristics or status of the owner(s) or occupant(s) of any property, sanctions may be increased. These characteristics include, but are not limited to: race, color, religion, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, protected disability, veteran status, height, weight, or marital status. Intent shall be determined by consideration of all relevant circumstances.

Any student who fails to complete any sanctions given to them by the deadline stated by the conduct body may be subject to a conduct hold, which could affect future enrollment, financial aid, housing assignment, and ability to receive copies of academic transcripts.

  1. Warning: Verbal or written notice that specific inappropriate conduct is unacceptable.
  2. Reprimand: An official written censure containing three components. A reprimand for inappropriate behavior, notice that the conduct associated with the violation must stop immediately and permanently, and notice that additional violations shall result in more severe sanctions.
  3. Behavior Contract: A written contract between the student and the University wherein the student agrees to correct inappropriate behaviors.
  4. Discretionary Sanctions: Service to the University, service to the community, attendance at educational seminars, classes, or workshops,written assignments, or other activities deemed appropriate by the conduct body. The student is required to submit written proof of participation in and/or completion of the sanction to the conduct body. (Some seminars, classes and workshops may require a registration fee.)
  5. Restitution: Compensation for loss, damage or injury. This may take the form of appropriate service and/or monetary or material replacement.
  6. Loss of Privileges: Denial of specified privileges for a designated period of time. Examples of privileges that can be denied include: academic program dismissal, campus registration of an automobile, parking in a specific area or during specific time periods, access to a building or portion of a building, access to a program, on-campus living, holding of an office in a Registered Student Organization, participation in extra-curricular activities, access to a particular living group and any other privilege that the conduct body deems appropriate to deny.
  7. Probation: Probation requires that a student's conduct be reviewed for a specified period of time. Conditions of the probationary period will be specified to the student by the hearing body and may be applied during the probationary period. All conditions must be satisfied and verified prior to the completion of the probationary period. If a student is found responsible for violation of any institutional policy(s) during the probationary period, more severe sanctions could be applied.
  8. Suspension: Separation of the student from the University or a University program for a period of time, after which the student is eligible to return. During this time, the student under suspension shall forfeit all rights of their student status for the duration of their suspension and may have their privileges of access to University premises revoked. Conditions for readmission and/or continued enrollment after readmittance may be specified. All conditions for readmission must be satisfied, completed and certified to the Office of Student Conduct or designee prior to readmittance. Also, a written plan for adherence to conditions of continued enrollment after readmittance from a suspension shall be provided to the Office of Student Conduct or designee for review and approval.
  9. Expulsion: Permanent separation of the student from the University. An expelled student shall have no access to University premises and shall forfeit all rights of their student status immediately and permanently upon expulsion.
  10. Revocation of degree: A degree awarded from WMU may be revoked for fraud, misrepresentation or other violation of University standards in obtaining the degree, or for other serious violations committed by a student prior to graduation. Being a degree holding alumna is sufficient association with the University and basis for application of this sanction.
  11. Withholding degree: The University may withhold awarding a degree otherwise earned until the completion of the process set forth in this Student Code, including the completion of all sanctions imposed, if any.

In each case in which a conduct body determines that a student is responsible for violation of the Student Code, the sanction(s) shall be determined and imposed by the appropriate staff member in the Office of Student Conduct/or designee. In cases in which persons other than, or in addition to, staff in the Office of Student Conduct have been authorized to serve as the conduct body, the recommendation of all members of the conduct body shall be considered by the appropriate staff in the Office of Student Conduct/or designee in determining and imposing sanctions. The appropriate staff in the Office of Student Conduct or designee will not be limited to sanctions recommended by members of the conduct body. Following the hearing, the appropriate staff in the Office of Student Conduct or designee shall advise the alleged violator in writing of the outcome and sanction(s) imposed, if any.