Product: Large-Scale Synthesis of Nanotubes
Development Stage: Pilot Scale
Primary Inventor: Ahalapitiya H. Jayatissa, PhD, Manufacturing Engineering Department.
Scientific Publication: Guo et al., Proc. SPIE 6768, (2007) Nanomaterials Synthesis, Interfacing, and Integrating in Devices, Circuits, and Systems II, 6768-09
License Status: License Available
Patent Status: Granted, US 6,699,525
Carbon nanotubes have many desirable properties such as a high strength and low weight compared with volume, energy and fuel storage capability, electron emission capability and many advantageous thermal, chemical and surface properties.
Possible applications using nanotubes:
• Flexible batteries on almost any irregular surface
• Efficient fuel cell storage
• Catalytic converter catalyst
• Scaffolds that improve healing of broken bones
• Sensitive sensors for chemical vapors and biomolecules
• IC Transistors with nanometer dimensions
Commercial applications have been hampered by difficulty in synthesis capacity, manipulation and structural control of carbon nanotubes.
Therefore, there is a need for a method and apparatus which enables the synthesis of uniform carbon nanotubes in a cost effective and easily controllable method.
Using the method developed by Dr. Jayatissa at Western Michigan University, carbon nanotubes can be formed in a high-density, closely packed configuration enabling their large-scale production. The nanotubes are grown in a patented chemical vapor deposition chamber containing a coiled filament wrapped around a substrate with a catalytic coating that is supported inside the coiled filament. Air is evacuated from the chamber or replaced by an inert gas, the filament is heated and a bias voltage is applied between the filament and the substrate. A reactant gas is introduced into the chamber and the reactant gas is pyrolyzed to deposit carbon nanotubes on the substrate.
When a cylindrical substrate is utilized, the carbon nanotubes grow perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical substrate, around the entire substrate. This radial growth of the carbon nanotubes allows for the formation of a densely packed configuration of the carbon nanotubes that are easily separated from the substrate without damaging their structures.
• Large-scale production of nanotubes
• Nanotubes with consistent size and structure
• Easy isolation of nanotubes
• Nanotubes incorporating metal ions
D. Clark Bennett
Director of Technology and Innovation Advancement